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WAS THERE A PRE-ADAMIC WORLD?

Terry Carter, Vice President

There are some who believe that there is a great gap of time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. It is believed that many generations of plants and animals lived during this time. Then the world was destroyed and the account that follows is the remaking of the world. There are many variations to this idea. Some believe that there were men on the earth during this time. Some believe that the earth was destroyed because of a rebellion led by Satan. Regardless of the specifics, however, the basic concept is the same. Let's look at this idea more fully.

This concept is held for various reasons. However, they all boil down to one basic thing. It is an attempt to harmonize Scripture and modern geology. Many believe that this is the way to explain the fossil evidence and the so-called cave men. There is no need to invent such wild theories to explain the fossil evidence. Neither is there a need to account for the long eons of time assumed by modern geology. All the geological and fossil evidence can be explained by Biblical facts such as the flood. Furthermore, the geologic time table is based upon the assumption of evolution. Christians should not try to compromise Scripture to accommodate an unproved theory that is riddled with problems.

The concept of a pre-Adamic world has come about from an incorrect approach to the Scripture. The Bible should be approached with an open mind. What it says should be accepted despite what theories may currently be popular in society or science. Instead, this concept is one that has been forced on the Scripture because of a preconceived notion. This approach to Scripture can, has, and will produce all kinds of false teachings.

Paul did not believe in a pre-Adamic world. He states that Adam was the first man in:

I Corinthians 15:45, "And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit."

This clearly shows that there were no men prior to Adam unless Paul was ignorant or lied. Paul also states that sin and death came through Adam.

I Corinthians 15:21, "For since by man [came] death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead."

Romans 5:12, "Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:"

If there was a pre-Adamic world that was destroyed, there had to be death before Adam. Paul denies this and builds his arguments upon that basis. These verses also show that any pre-Adamic world could not have been destroyed through sin because sin came through Adam.

Romans 8:19-23, "19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. 20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope, 21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. 23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body."

Furthermore, the above verses show that the whole creation is in bondage to corruption and groans because of one man's sin. Remember that creation was cursed at the fall of man. The creation did not groan prior to this nor was it in bondage to corruption.

Peter and Luke did not believe in a Pre-Adamic world. Peter says that God has spoken by His prophets since the world began.

Acts 3:21, " Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began."

Luke makes a similar statement:

Luke 1:68-70, "68 Blessed [be] the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people, 69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David; 70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:"

If there are eons of time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2, how did God speak through these prophets since the world began?

Moses did not believe in a Pre-Adamic world. If he did, why didn't he make that plain? Why are we not told anything about it? Why did he skip over such a long gap of time without any mention of it at all? This would be understandable if nothing of note happened. However, if all life on the earth were destroyed, it seems that this would be worth mentioning. In fact, Moses doesn’t say that God ended His work of creation until Genesis 2:1-2.

Genesis 2:1-2, "1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the hosts of them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which he had made."

Exodus 20:11, "For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it."

Furthermore, Exodus 20:11 clearly states that the earth, sea, and everything in them were created in six days. This leaves no room for eons of time between the creation of the earth, and Adam.

Christ did not believe in a pre-Adamic world. In Matthew 19:4, Jesus said that man was made from the beginning.

Matthew 19:4, "And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made [them] at the beginning made them male and female."

Man was not created eons after the earth. Furthermore, His listeners could have read about the pre-Adamic man. If there was a pre-Adamic world, then Christ's words here are misleading at the least. Furthermore, Christ stated that the blood of the prophets had been shed from the foundation of the world.

Luke 11:45-52, "45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also. 46 And he said, Woe unto you also, [ye] lawyers! for ye laden men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers. 47 Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. 48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres. 49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and [some] of them they shall slay and persecute: 50That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; 51 From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation. 52 Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered."

He even goes on to state that the first was Abel. This leaves no room at all for a Pre-Adamic world.

The fact that God says that the world was good after the various steps of creation would make no sense if it followed a world wide destruction. It is significant to note that God did not pronounce it good after the flood of Noah. A total destruction of the world could not be good.

Some object that the Genesis 1:2 should read, "And the earth became without form and void..." None of the accepted translations render it thus. The verb " was" is in perfect tense, which indicates that the earth came into being without form and void. There is nothing in the context to indicate that the accepted translations are incorrect.

Some claim that Isaiah 45:18 shows that God did not create the earth void, it became void.

Isaiah 45:18, "For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I [am] the LORD; and [there is] none else."

They argue that "in vain" should be translated "void." This ignores the point of the verse.This verse has nothing to do with the initial state of the earth when created, it has to do with the purpose of the creation. The earth was created for the purpose of being inhabited. Furthermore, this verse is speaking of the entire creation process. When creation was finished, the earth was not void, it was inhabited.

Some believe that the word "foundation" in Ephesians 1:4 and I Peter 1:20, should be translated "cast down".

Ephesians 1:4, "According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:"

I Peter 1:20, "Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you."

Again, none of the accepted translations render it so. Even if they are right about the translation, it proves nothing about a pre-Adamic world. They could be applied to the flood just as easily.

Some argue that II Peter 3:6 is referring to the destruction of the pre-Adamic world.

II Peter 3:6, "Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:"

It seems strange to me that they would overlook the obvious reference to the flood of Noah's day. Peter says in verse 5 that men were willingly ignorant of this event. How can you be willingly ignorant of something that is not revealed? Even the advocates of the pre-Adamic world must admit that they are ignorant of the specifics of it and it's destruction. These things are simply not revealed to us. This ignorance, however, is not a willing ignorance. You can only be willingly ignorant of revealed truth, not concealed truth. There is no indication of a pre-Adamic world in this passage at all. Only a preconceived notion would lead you to that conclusion.

Some try to show that Jude 6 refers to the sin of angels in the pre-Adamic world.

Jude verse 6, "And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day."

There is simply no evidence for this at all. We are not told when or where these angels sinned. Many believe that this refers to the sons of God in Genesis 6:2.

Genesis 6:2, "That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they [were] fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose."

This is another example of trying to find Scripture to support a preconceived notion.

Some make a distinction between the Hebrew words, "bara" and "asah." "Bara" means "to create" and "asah" means "to make or remake." They claim that the earth was created in Genesis 1:1 and what follows verse 2 is a remaking of the earth. This doesn't hold up to closer examination.

Genesis 1:26-27, "26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them."

Genesis 1:26 says that God made, "asah," man while verse 27 says that God created, "bara," man. Genesis 2:4 uses both words in parallel.

Genesis 2:4, "These [are] the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens."

Both "bara" and "asah" refer to the activities of the creation week in this verse. They are attempting to make a distinction that cannot be made. Again, this would not be done unless you were trying to prove a point that is not supported by the clear statement of Scripture.

The Bible contains clear statements that contradict the concept of a pre-Adamic world. The arguments advanced by it's advocates do not hold up to close scrutiny. It is a fanciful theory designed to accommodate modern geology. God has given us everything we need to serve Him.

II Peter 1:3, "According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue."

There is no need nor is there any Scriptural basis for such a concept. Let us be satisfied with what God has said. Let's heed Paul's warning to Timothy about myths and endless genealogies.

I Timothy 1:3-4, "3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine, 4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: [so do]."

Let's "speak the things which become sound doctrine."

Titus 2:1, "But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine."

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